Introduction

Alexander Lindsay 6th Earl of Balcarres married Elizabeth Bradshaigh Dalrymple and in 1785 inherited the estates of Haigh and Blackrod from Lady Dorothy the widow of the 4th Baronet of Haigh Sir Roger Bradshaigh, they moved their family to Haigh in 1802. Having already recognised the potential value of cannel coal reserves under the estate the Lindsays continued to develop their coal mines and associated engineering facilities at Haigh foundry, Brock Mill forge and the Sawmills at New Springs leading to the establishment of the Wigan Coal and Iron Company in 1865.

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... Is a hobby web site containing articles of local interest to Lancastrians, some favourite walking and cycling routes, selected words and poetry, and some writings of a more general nature as well as the authors own picture gallery. Visitors may access the home page and other articles using the links at the head of the page.

Farthingale Publications - www.garswood.com

posterSir William Bradshaghe married Mabel Norreys sole heiress
of Haigh and Blackrod. Sir William was involved in the
Banastre Rebellion,was outlawed and lived abroad for
about ten years. Thinking her husband was dead Lady Mabel
married a welshman Sir Henry Teuthor. Lady Mabel in
penance for her bigamy walked barefoot once a week from
Haigh Hall to the cross at the top of Standishgate Wigan
still known as Mab's Cross.
Sir William Bradshaghe killed at Newton-le-Willows by his
enemies.
Lady Mabel founds a chapel in Wigan Parish Church, Sir
William is buried in it.
English civil war begins
King George I succeeds to the throne
King George II succeeds to the throne
James Watt born in Greenock
Douglas Navigation completed to Miry Lane Wigan
Matthew Low's Pit opened
Alexander Lindsay 6th Earl of Balcarres born
Composer Mozart born in Austria - 1760 King George III succeeds to the throne
Earl of Bute becomes Prime Minister - 1764 Hargreaves invents spinning jenny
John Dalton (atomic theory) born in Eaglesfield Cumberland
Matthew Low's Pit closed - James Watt patents condensing boiler to improve steam engines of Savery
and Newcomen
Alms Houses built off Hall Lane by Lady Dorothy Bradshaigh - 1773 Boston Tea Party
Matthew Boulton owner of SOHO Engineering works Birmingham succeeds John Roebuck as James Watt’s partner
Alexander Lindsay 6th Earl of Balcarres marries his cousin Elizabeth Bradshaigh Dalrymple
Burscough to Tarleton branch of Leeds/Liverpool canal opened to replace lower Douglas Navigation
William Pitt becomes Prime Minister - James Lindsay 7th Earl of Balcarres and 24th Earl of Crawford born
Bellingham Lodge rebuilt and extended by Lady Dorothy Bradshaigh - Steam power introduced to cotton mills
Liverpool to Wigan section of the Leeds/Liverpool canal opened (Douglas Navigation from Gathurst)
Elizabeth Bradshaigh Dalrymple inherits Haigh estates from Lady Dorothy widow of Sir Roger Bradshaigh 4th
Baronet
Haigh Ironworks established at Leyland Mill by 6th Earl of Balcarres with his brother Robert Lindsay & 
James Corbett
Haigh Ironworks partners take over Brock Mill Forge
James Watt develops centrifugal or flyball governor to regulate speed of steam engines
French revolution starts - 1790 James Corbett dies (Haigh Ironworks partner)
Composer Mozart died - 1792 Composer Rossini born
James Lindsay and Company set up to run Haigh Ironworks, Alexander Haliburton from Inverkeithing as manager
Nelson's battle of the Nile - Lancaster canal completed Bark Hill to Chorley
French revolution ends - Napoleonic Wars begin
Winter of famine serious rioting in Wigan - Combination Laws passed banning unions
Henry Addington Becomes Prime Minister - Nelson's battle of Copenhagen - Yard Coal Pit opens
Alexander Lindsay 6th Earl of Balcarres moved his family to Haigh
William Pitt becomes Prime Minister
Robert Daglish becomes chief engineer at Haigh Foundry, Leyland Mill, steam engine and machinery 
manufacture begins
Nelson's battle of Trafalgar - 1806 Lord Grenville becomes Prime Minister - Meadow Pit (cannel) closed
Duke of Portland becomes Prime Minister -1808 Alexander Lindsay becomes 23rd Earl of Crawford
Spencer Perceval becomes Prime Minister
Lord Lindsay marries Hon Maria Margaret Frances Pennington (heir to Lord Muncaster)
Lord Liverpool becomes Prime Minister - Serious rioting in Wigan
Alexander William Crawford Lindsay 8th Earl of Balcarres and 25th Earl of Crawford born - Charles Dickens born
Napoleonic Wars end - Brinks Pit opens
Leeds/Liverpool canal completed using southern section of Lancaster canal
James Joule born in Salford
Serious rioting in Wigan - Lancaster canal reaches Kendal - James Watt dies
King George IV succeeds to the throne - James Lindsay becomes MP for Wigan
Combination Laws banning unions repealed - Alexander Haliburton leaves Haigh Ironworks to become
colliery proprietor
Alexander Lindsay 6th Earl of Balcarres and 23rd Earl of Crawford died - James succeeds to title 7th Earl of 
Balcarres 24th Earl of Crawford
James created Baron Wigan of the United Kingdom by George III
George Canning becomes Prime Minister followed by Viscount Goderich - Building work started on present
Haigh Hall
Duke of Wellington becomes Prime Minister
King William IV succeeds to the throne - Earl Grey becomes Prime Minister - Colliers Union formed - Godfrey
Pits No 1 and 2 opened
Morris Lane Pit opens - Moor Pit No 3 opens - Liverpool Manchester Railway opens
Colliers Union strike for increased wages - Bradshaw Pits opened
William Peace becomes Lord Crawford's chief mining agent - Wigan Branch Railway opens Parkside to Wigan
Lord Melbourne becomes PM followed by Sir Robert Peel - Wigan Branch Railway becomes North Union Railway
Lord Melbourne becomes PM - Haigh Foundry and Brock Mill Forge leased to Evans, Ryley, Burrows partnership
Queen Victoria succeeds to the throne
Wigan - Preston and Springs railway branches open, North Union Railway
Bawkhouse Colliery begins operation
Crawford Pits 1 & 2 (Moor Pits 1 & 2) sunk to Cannel Seam 88yds and King Seam at 100yds later No 1 deepened
to Yard Seam at 186yds and No. 2 to Arley Seam at 318yds
Sir Robert Peel becomes Prime Minister - 1842 Disturbances involving 10000 Chartists - 1844 John Dalton dies
Kirkless Hall Coal & Cannel Co sink two shafts to Arley Seam at 286yds and Yard at 161yds - Irish Potato
Famine starts
Lord John Russell becomes Prime Minister
James Ludovic Lindsay 9th Earl of Balcarres and 26th Earl of Crawford born
Ralph Thicknesse MP president of Manchester Geological and Mining Society
Kirkless Hall Co sink California Pit (Pennington Green) to Cannel - Moor Pit No 5 opened
Ralph Thicknesse MP succeeded by James Heywood as president of Manchester G & M Society
Building of present Haigh Hall completed
Irish Potato Famine ends - 1850c Holland colliery opens Crawford village founded
'Act for the inspection of Coal Mines ' becomes law - Hindley Deep Pit and California Pit opened
Bridge Pit (downcast) and Dairy Pit (upcast) sunk to Arley Seam 130yds and 200yds respectively
Meadow Pit re-opened and sunk to the Arley Seam at 315yds
Earl of Derby becomes Prime Minister followed by Earl of Aberdeen
Lindsay Pits 1 and 2 sunk followed a little later by No 3
Serious unrest in the coalfield Welsh and Irish blacklegs brought in to keep up production. Billeted at the
Sawmills at New Springs they were often attacked by the mob and had to be protected by troops, they
were taken to work at Moor Pits in covered wagons pulled by locomotive.
Crimean War begins - 1855 Lord Palmerston becomes Prime Minister -  1856 Crimean War ends
Haigh Foundry leased to Henry Birley, Robert Thompson partnership concentrating on making mining machinery
Wigan Mining College established - Ladies Lane Pit opens -  1858 Earl of Derby becomes Prime Minister
Lord Palmerston becomes Prime Minister - Frederick Henry Birley joins Haigh Foundry Company partnership
Bamfurlong Pits opened - California Pits deepened to Arley Seam
William Peace dies aged 50 and is buried at Haigh church - Alfred Hewlett becomes Lord Crawford's
chief mining  agent
Low Hall Pits opened - Railway opened between Lindsay Pits and Haigh Foundry and Brock Mill Forge
American Civil War starts - Cotton Famine begins -  1864 Sovereign Pit opened
Lord John Russell becomes Prime Minister - American Civil War ends
Cotton Famine ends - Hewlett Pits opened
Wigan Coal and Iron Company formed, Alfred Hewlett becomes managing director
Earl of Derby becomes Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli becomes Prime Minister followed by William Gladstone - Composer Rossini died
James Lindsay 7th Earl of Balcarres and 24th Earl of Crawford died - Lancashire Union Railway opens
Ince Moss - Haigh Jct for goods
New line from Haigh Jct to Brock Mill Forge to replace the loss of the line from Lindsay Pit to Brock Mill,
cut by the Lancashire Union Railway
Fir Tree House Jct to Platt Bridge Jct rail connection opened - De Trafford Jct to Hindley L & Y connection 
opened
LU Rose Bridge and Round House Jcts to Kirkless Ironworks opened
Bradshaw Pit closes - Charles Dickens died
David Alexander Edward Lindsay 10th Earl of Balcarres and 27th Earl of Crawford born - Priestners Pits opened
Aspull Pumping Pit opened - Whelley Station opens on the Lancashire Union Railway
Royal Albert Edward Infirmary opened by Prince and Princess of Wales who stayed at Haigh Hall
Alexandra Pit (named in honour of the Princess of Wales) sunk to Pemberton 4ft Seam
Benjamin Disraeli becomes Prime Minister - James Ludovic elected MP for Wigan
Woodshaw Pits sunk to work the Haigh Yard Seam -  1875 Red Rock School built by Lord Crawford
Earl of Crawford & Balcarres becomes president of Manchester G & M Society
William Gladstone becomes Prime Minister,  Earl of Crawford & Balcarres succeeded as president of MGMS
by Sir Hugh J Kay- Shuttleworth MP
Alexander William Crawford Lindsay 8th Earl of Balcarres and 25th Earl of Crawford died at his house in  Florence
James Ludovic succeeds to title 9th Earl of Balcarres and 26th Earl of Crawford
Brock Mill Forge converted to "Blue Printers" -  1882 LU Whelley Jct to Standish Jct opened
LU Railways absorbed by LNWR - 1884 Eatocks Pits opened
Marquis of Salisbury becomes Prime Minister - Haigh Foundry Company ceases trading
William Gladstone becomes Prime Minister followed by Marquis of Salisbury
Kirkless has 10 blast furnaces 5 - 80ft high, 5 - 65ft high, 670 beehive coke ovens
Alexandra Pit deepened to Arley Seam - LNWR Amberswood East Jct to Standish Jct opened for passengers
Steelworks opens with 5 open hearth furnaces - 1891 Hindley Deep Pit and California Pits close
William Gladstone becomes PM - Wigan Central station opens - Maskell William Peace president of MGMS
Middle Pit opens - 1893 Maskell William Peace succeeded by William Scott at MGMS 
Earl of Rosebery becomes Prime Minister
Marquis of Salisbury becomes Prime Minister - Maypole Colliery shaft sinking begins (Isiah Pigot)
Holland colliery sold to White Moss Coal Co Ltd for £29,000
Patchcroft and Gorses Pits close
Boer War starts - Haigh Foundry premises taken over by JJ Petford Ltd manufacturers of bedsteads
Robert Alexander Lindsay 11th Earl of Balcarres and 28th Earl of Crawford born
King Edward VII succeeds to the throne
Yard Coal, Brinks, Tuckers Hill Freezlands and Morris Lane Pits close
Estates Office erected in Higher Lane at Haigh - Arthur Balfour becomes Prime Minister
Replacement of coke ovens with 3 batteries of 44 Semet-Solvay type completed
Woodshaw Pit closes - Boer War ends - 1905 Henry Campbell Bannerman becomes Prime Minister
Ernest Rutherford (New Zealand) becomes professor of physics at Manchester University
Herbert Asquith becomes Prime Minister - Coal Mines Regulation (8 hours) Act becomes law
Maypole Colliery explosion 75 men lost 3 escape, flooded to put out fires - Ladies Lane Pit closes
JJ Petford Ltd in liquidation, the Earl of Crawford and Balcarres takes over Haigh Foundry at Leyland Mill
and leases them to small firms
King George V succeeds to the throne -  1911 Alexandra Colliery Pit head gear collapses in to shaft
Coal Mines Minimum Wage Act becomes law (6/6d for a collier)
James Ludovic Lindsay 9th Earl of Balcarres and 26th Earl of Crawford died - Record tonnage output for
British mining achieved
First World War begins - 1916 David Lloyd George becomes Prime Minister - 1918 First World War ends
Bawkhouse Colliery closes - Line between Haigh Jct and Brock Mill, Haigh Foundry and Leyland Mill Coal Yard
dismantled
Rutherford splits the atom at Cavendish Laboratory Cambridge
Coal strike - 1922 Andrew Bonar law becomes prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin becomes Prime Minister - Moor Pit No 5 closes - LNWR becomes LMSR
James Ramsay Macdonald becomes Prime Minister followed by Stanley Baldwin - LMSR De Trafford Jct to 
Hindley for passengers opened
Meadow and Sovereign Pits close -  1926 Coal strike -  1928 Crawford Pits close
James Ramsay Macdonald becomes Prime Minister - Industrial depression starts
Hewlett Pits close - Coal Mines Act to regulate prices becomes law
Wigan Coal Corporation and Lancashire Steel Corporation formed from Wigan Coal and Iron Company, Pearson
and Knowles Coal and Iron Company, Partington Steel and Iron Works Ltd, Moss Hall Coal Company Ltd,
Wigan Junction Colliery Company Ltd, and Rylands Bros Ltd
"Blue Printers" in liquidation - LMSR Round House Jct to Kirkless Iron works closes
Lindsay 1 and 2 and Low Hall Pits close - Industrial depression ends
Cross Tetley & Co go bankrupt, Bamfurlong and Mains Collieries acquired by Wigan Coal Corp.
Middle Pit and Aspull Pumping Pit closes - Kirkless Workshops - New Springs stretch of Springs Branch railway
line closed
Priestners Pits close - 1935 Stanley Baldwin becomes Prime Minister
King Edward VIII succeeds to the throne - King George VI succeeds to the throne - Bamfurlong and Eatock
Collieries close
Earl of Crawford & Balcarres becomes president of Manchester G & M Society - Neville Chamberlain becomes
PM
Ernest Rutherford dies and is buried in Westminster Abbey
Maypole Colliery shafts 1 and 2 deepened to Yard and Arley Seams - Rose Bridge Jct to Kirkless Hall Jct closes
Earl of Crawford & Balcarres succeeded as president of MGMS by F S W Dobbs
Winston Churchill becomes PM - David Alexander Edward Lindsay 10th Earl of Balcarres and 27th Earl of
Crawford died
Clement Atlee becomes Prime Minister - 1947 Haigh Hall and Plantations sold to Wigan Corporation
Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister - 1952 Queen Elizabeth II succeeds to the throne
Whelley loop singled between Haigh Jct and Whelley Jct - 1955 Anthony Eden becomes Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan becomes Prime Minister
Belle Green Lane - Kirkless Hall Jct stretch of the Springs Branch railway line closed, Rose Bridge Jct -
Kirkless Hall Jct reopened
Central Wagon Works - Kirkless Hall Jct stretch of the Springs Branch railway line closed
Maypole Colliery closes - 1960 Mains Colliery closes
Amberswood East Jct to De Trafford Jct to Standish Junction closed for seasonal passengers
Kirkless Hall Jct - Kirkless Workshops stretch of the Springs Branch railway line closed
Haigh Jct to Whelley Jct railway line closed
Hindley to De Trafford Jct to Standish junction closed for regular passengers
Ince Moss to Amberswood West, and Fir Tree House Jct to Platt Bridge Jct rail connections closed
Hindley to De Trafford Jct to Standish junction closed for seasonal passengers and goods
Amberswood West Junction to Standish Jct closed for goods
Parkside - Wigan - Preston railway line electrified
Robert Alexander Lindsay 11th Earl of Balcarres and 28th Earl of Crawford died
Robert Alexander Lindsay 12th Earl of Balcarres and 29th Earl of Crawford succeeded to title
Springs Branch Jct - Central Wagon Works and Ince Forge stretch of the Springs Branch railway line closed

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